Wolf Point Herald

Grants Will Support Affordable Housing For Tribal Members

The Fort Peck Tribes will receive $5.5 million of over $26 million in grants the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development is issuing tribal housing authorities to construct, acquire or modernize housing for low income families.
The funds were made available through Indian Block Grants under the Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Act.
“Safe and reliable housing is critical to the health of communities and families, so making these investments will help address the housing needs in Indian Country,” said Jon Tester, D-Mont. “I will continue to work with tribes to increase and expand housing options for all Montana families.”
Tester, who is vice-chair of the Indian Affairs Committee, supports the reauthorization of
NAHASDA which provides approximately $650 million per year to eligible tribal housing authorities across the country.
Tester is also pushing for the reauthorization of the Section 184 Indian Home Loan Guarantee Program designed for tribal members to receive loans for new construction, refinancing or purchasing a home.

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Bullock’s Preschool Program Faces Opposition

Rep. Tom Woods, D-Bozeman, sent his kids to preschool after searching for a couple of months to find the right fit.
“I’ve got kids. I’ve been through this,” Woods said in a recent interview. “Preschool helped them.”
Woods, who sits on the House Appropriations Committee, will be one of the Democrats pushing to get Gov. Steve Bullock’s $37 million Early Edge Pre-K plan into House Bill 2, the major budget bill. The plan would give grants to public school districts around the state to expand existing preschool programs, create new ones or partner with private programs.
It would be voluntary — students won’t be forced to go to preschool, and schools won’t be required to offer it — and would add Montana to the list of more than 40 states with publicly funded  preschool.
But not everyone at the Capitol or in the state is convinced.
“I think it doesn’t do what it’s purported to do,” said Rep. Nancy Ballance, R-Hamilton, the chair of the House Appropriations committee.
Backers cite studies showing effects both behavioral and academic. Students come out of preschool more prepared for kindergarten, and are less likely to become criminals or teenage parents.
At a joint subcommittee on education hearing in January, teachers and administrators from schools in Helena, Boze-man, Missoula, Great Falls, Three Forks and Boulder supported the proposal. Some said it improved children’s confidence, others said it gave them a jump on what they’d learn in kindergarten. Major public school lobbying groups supported the governor’s proposal at the same hearing, including the Montana School Boards Association and the Montana Rural Education Association.
Yet some lawmakers and educators still have concerns.  
Ballance called preschool “daycare with accredited teachers” and said the so-called “edge” wears off for students by third or fourth grade.
Superintendent of Public Instruction Denise Juneau rejected both of those arguments, saying students do learn — for example, the basics of reading and counting, among other concepts —  and that she doesn’t think learning wears off.
“We’re going to have better students,” Juneau said.
Other criticisms center on whether it would work in smaller schools or reach the students who need it most. Senators Taylor Brown, R-Huntley, and Llew Jones, R-Conrad, both said school representatives told them Early Edge won’t help small schools and that students who need it most won’t enroll in the programs.  
One of the more outspoken critics is Gordon Hahn, superintendent of Saco Schools. Hahn wrote an opinion piece that ran in the Billings Gazette in late January, calling for higher teacher pay instead of investment in Pre-K.
“I care about the $37 million that’s being spent on it,” Hahn said, stressing that he isn’t opposed to preschool. His own kids went to preschool. “It’s money that could be used to solve a problem.”
Hahn has worked at schools along Montana’s Hi-Line for more than three decades, spending the last seven years as superintendent in Saco. He said schools in places like Saco — with a population around 200 people — have trouble attracting teachers. He’s seeing fewer applicants for open positions than he has in the past, which he blames on not being able to offer high enough salaries.
“I’m trying to fill my positions, and the governor wants me to start a new program,” Hahn said.
As for starting a new preschool program, Hahn said only two or three students would enroll, and the teacher would only work part time.
“Who am I going to get to come to Saco and teach part time?” he said.
In Helmville, just west of Helena, teacher Brooks Phillips shares some of the same concerns.
Phillips teaches seventh and eighth grades at Helmville’s K-8 school. Two others teach there also, with one covering fourth through sixth grades. The other teaches the earlier grades.
Helmville offers a once a week preschool program, where students around four-years-old join the younger classroom. Phillips said the purpose is to sort of show the children how school works, to get the feel for a classroom setting.
But Phillips said adding four-year-olds to the mix in a school as small as hers can disrupt classroom dynamics. With each instructor covering more than one grade, students at different levels are already in the same classroom. In that sort of setting, while third and fourth graders are studying math, a preschooler might be nearby playing. Phillips said that could be a distraction.  
“They need to be little children, like they are,” Phillips said. “It’s a very difficult situation when you’re in a rural school with multi-grades, multi-ages and multi-levels.”
Teaching at a school like that is already hard on teachers, she said. Not because of the number of students — fewer than 20 attend Helmville School — but because students are different ages and at different levels. Five students in a classroom may be learning five separate things.
Phillips also said she worries that even though it’s voluntary now, that doesn’t mean the program won’t be mandatory for schools to offer in the future. She points out that kindergarten was at one time optional.
Schools in Montana have been required to offer kindergarten since the 1980s, though students aren’t required to attend school until age 7. Superintendent Juneau said the debate surrounding Early Edge is similar to what was debated about kindergarten, but she wouldn’t say whether preschool would become mandatory in Montana.
“It’s hard to tell,” Juneau said. “We’ll have to get it funded first.”
And funding it won’t be simple. A joint subcommittee on education didn’t act on the proposal.
Members of that panel said they wanted to leave it up to the larger House appropriations.
Ballance, the chair, is stiffly opposed to it, as are some other Republicans on the committee.
Rep. Roy Hollandsworth, R-Brady, said the $37 million request is a big ask.
Bullock spokesman Mike Wessler said in an e-mail that the governor thinks his request is “responsible” and an investment the state “can’t afford not to make.”  
Other committee Republicans shared that concern, others said they don’t think the request addresses the right population of students, while at least two others said they are undecided.
“We’re not throwing sand in the governor’s face,” Hollandsworth said. “Everything is in play until the end.”
Rep. Woods said the Democrats will do everything they can to get the program funded every chance they get, no matter how much rejection they get during the 90-day session.
When’s the stopping point?
“Day 90,” Woods said, smiling.
(Editor’s Note: Michael Wright is a reporter for the Community News Service at the University of Montana School of Journalism. He can be reached at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..">This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.. Follow him on Twitter @mj_wright1.)

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Commissioners Approve Purchase Of Sheriff’s Car

The Roosevelt County Commissioners approved the purchase of a 2015 Dodge Charger for the sheriff’s office from Northern Prairie Auto Sales for $25,448 Tuesday, Feb. 24.
The commission passed a resolution allowing the expenditure of grant funds by the sheriff’s office for a vehicle purchase and employee overtime. The grant is for $50,852.
The commissioners also authorized the purchase of a chest freezer for the sheriff’s office from Gysler’s Furniture and Appliance.
The commission also approved an agreement with Great Northern Development Corp. to administer a grant to fund an architect for a senior center in Poplar.
The commissioners authorized the county to hire Montana Grafix of Chinook to design a new website for the county. The county will own the domain.
The commission appointed Lindsey McNabb and John Plestina to the county’s mosquito board.

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Six Spelling Bee Winners


Six Wolf Point Junior High students were winners in the Wolf Point City Spelling Bee, Feb. 17,  at Wolf Point High School. Pictured are (from left to right): Brendan Wagner, first place, eighth grade; Hailey Brunelle, second, eighth grade; Trey Fourstar, third, eighth grade; Dominique Gourneau, fourth, sixth grade; Kyle Pederson, fifth, seventh grade; Willow Flom, sixth, seventh grade.  (Submitted photo)

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Letter About Confederated Salish And Kootenai Tribes Compact

Dear Editor:
In response to the legislature report in the Feb. 19 Herald-news, I don’t think it was thought out completely because the [proposed] Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes Compact was not something that was put together in a hurry. Six years ago, when the Fort Belknap Compact was approved, the legislators could see that it would take a lot of time to do the CSKT Compact because the treaties were written different than the rest of the reservations and would take a lot more time, and passed a bill to appropriate money and set up a committee made up with the governor’s office. The committee was comprised of four legislators, two from the Senate, two from the House, and equal parties of two Democrats and two Republicans, members from the CSKT Reservation, county commissioners from all counties and members from all parts of the state. There were a lot of local citizens who attended and had input.
When I chaired the State-Tribal Interim Committee, we held one meeting in Pablo and requested more time because if it was not done right, every thing would have to go through a federal court at landowner expense and take a lot more time. After reading the final draft, everyone gave some, which is like most agreements. And finally, after checking the records of the meetings, I did not see the good senator’s [John Brenden] name on any of the minutes and it seems the state has done about all it can to reach the agreement with the CSKT Compact. After Montana passes it, it will go to the U.S. Congress for more hearings.
Frank Smith

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